According to Snows (2001), 60% of job and 50% of the GIP in U.S.A. are kept by familiar companies. experience evidences that it urges corrective politics to assist the successory process of these companies, because the succession continues being one of the biggest problems that independently appear in this type of familiar structure, of its dimension or branch of activity where they are inserted, and that most of the companies does not survive to this obstacle. Therefore the sensitization how much to the vulnerabilities of these organizations, whose purpose is of assisting the survival and intensification of the same ones, it becomes necessary with bigger possible brevity, in view of, that today one of the biggest concerns of the managers of these companies, that suffer in the confrontation of operational or strategical problems, result of the difficulties related to the inadequao, as much in the use, how much in the choice of the tools and the available resources for reaching the differentials longed for the administrators of the type of company in question, in searchs of the objective and waited goals. Ahead of this context, the survival of the familiar structures it is today the main concern of its managers, with emphasis in the small business companies, who generally are more vulnerable to the difficulties, for the lack of investments in the professionalization of the enterprise management. In this direction the problematic one in question aims at here to search the organizacional environment and which the suffered vulnerabilities in what it refers to the successory process of the familiar companies and as to analyze the operational and strategical planning of these. This study it has for purpose to search tools that still assists the heirs in very devoid the successory process of efficient ways that aim at to the survival of the familiar organizations and the search for the competitiveness in the current market.